“The British Traveler and the Continental Tour, 1802-1863”

Available here.


This study explores the development of British tourist guidebooks that became increasingly interested Continental Catholicism, its people, and its art and architecture over the course of the nineteenth century. The eighteenth-century Grand Tour, long the domain of young aristocrats, had been a secular pilgrimage to Rome and the capstone to a traditional Classical Oxbridge education. After the wars with France ended in 1815, however, transformations in transportation made Continental Europe accessible to middle-class British tourists. As this fresh generation of travelers went abroad, they cared less about Classical history and more about Roman Catholic cultural artefacts and practices. The dissertation shows that British tourist guidebooks, which frequently Orientalized their Catholic subject matter, became central to consolidating a specific British, Protestant identity from the 1810s onward.

Table of Contents:

Chapter One:

Radical Catholicism and John Chetwode Eustace’s Classical Tour: The Unlikely Origins of the Nineteenth-Century Guidebook

Chapter Two:

John Murray III, Sir Francis Palgrave, Richard Ford, and Exotic Catholicism: The Standardization of the Nineteenth-Century Guidebook

Chapter Three:

John Ruskin, Anti-Tourism, and Venice: Architectural Preservation, Aesthetic Pedagogy, and Social Reform

Chapter Four:

The Nineteenth-Century Guidebook and the Anti-Catholic Tourist: Jemima Morrell’s Swiss Journal


Reflections on Rick Steves’s Rick Steves’ Italy 2016